Category Archives: PROJECT

Medical Learning in Nigeria versus The United States

Medicine in Nigeria has gradually improved over the decades. The use of traditional medicine and healing drastically reduced as organized health care came into existence. It all started when explorers and traders that came to Nigeria wanted to cater for their own well being, although this services were not available to indigenes. At first, church missionaries played a great role in providing health care services for the people, then the government made several plans to improve he health care system.


Health training and manpower have also greatly improved. The tables below shows the exponential increase in manpower over the decades.



The allocations for health care have seen tremendously risen over the years.


The present health situation has also been assessed by health indicators as shown below:



The main health problems that Nigeria faces is summarized in the table below:



More recently, has faced the outbreak of the dreadful ebola virus but has been able to contain it by immediately providing funding to curtail the spread of the disease.

Becoming a doctor in the US for an international student can be very difficult as statistics show a very slim chance of admission. Thankfully however, many medical schools are becoming more diversity-minded and reserve a few spaces for international students.

In Nigeria, it takes six years of university education (medical school) after high school, one year of interning, and another year as a Youth Corper, for a student to practice medicine. That said, becoming a specialist would require another 4-9 years of residency training in a teaching hospital. This totals 12 to 17 years.

As Nigeria celebrated Independence day on the 1st of October 2014, it marked 54 years of growth in many areas, including the health sector and more effort is being put in to ensure continuous improvement.


Taken on October 1st, 2014: by Niko Darby

Tables retrieved from:;year=2010;volume=51;issue=2;spage=53;epage=65;aulast=Scott-Emuakpor

Undergraduate Research and Medical School Admissions Web Content

I was tasked with compiling data concerning Undergraduate Research here on The Domain for the new Pre-Health website. first, I spoke to Dr. Bachman, the Director of Undergraduate Research, about different research projects currently underway in Sewanee. Dr. Bachman stressed the difference between scientific research and medical research. He wanted to be sure I knew that not all research happening on The Domain was for medicine. We talked for about an hour about differentiating between the two and which professors I should talk to. Dr. Bachman sent me to Dr. Kikis, Dr. Seballos, Dr. Pongdee, and our dear, sweet Dr. Summers for more information about medical research on campus. For my project, I started by setting up an appointment with each professor to ask them for more information about their research. From their, I went a level deeper – to the students. Each professor gave me the name of a student who could best give me an idea of what it is like doing research in their lab. Dr. Kikis, for example, sent me to her student Nakeirah Christie. I contacted Nakeirah to set up a time for a video interview to ask her about her lab experience. I repeated this for Dr. Summers and Dr. Seballos, but Dr. Pongdee declined to have information about his research features on the Pre-Health website at this time.

For Example:

I recorded my conversation with Dr. Kikis. She told me her lab was studying Neurodegenerative diseases, specifically Machado-Joseph Disease, which is similar to Huntington’s Disease. Her lab examines what proteins associated with these diseases do to cells concerning cellular dysfunction and death. As it is difficult to work out the mechanism of disease action in the human brain, Dr. Kikis and her students use a model organism, a nematode, called C. elegans. Dr. Kikis examines ployglutamine expansion which leads to toxicity in the cell. Knowledge of the genome of this organism allows people to examine gene expression and look at tissues and how different gene expression affects these tissues. Her lab is trying to examine what causes the toxicity in the tissues, and when these age-associated diseases take hold, as a child will be born with the disease mutations in their genes, but they will not express themselves until mid- to late-life. She then told me Nakeirah would be the best student to talk to about this research project.

I met with Nakeirah in Dr. Kikis lab and videotaped an interview with her.

(Interview Video here).

I also did research on admissions to Osteopathic and Allopathic Medical schools.


1. Have a bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited college or university.

2. Have successfully completed 8 hours of Biological Science, 8 hours of General Chemistry with lab, 8 hours of Organic Chemistry with lab, 8 hours of Physics, and 6 hours of English/Humanities with a 2.0 or higher.

3. Have a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or higher.

4. Have taken the MCAT.

5. A letter of recommendation from a physician, and the pre-professional committee.


1 year of General Chemistry and General Chemistry Lab.

1 year of Cell and Molecular Biology and Biology Lab.

1 year of Organic Chemistry and Organic Chemistry Lab.

1 year of General Physics and Physics Lab.

1 semester of Introductory Psychology.

1 year of English

Calculus and Statistics

Biochemistry as a supplement to Biology

I covered the areas of Undergraduate Research on The Domain and admission to Osteopathic and Allopathic Medical Schools for my project on developing web content for the Pre-Health site.