Category Archives: Uncategorized

Medicine in the US and India

INTRODUCTION
Medical schools have changed dramatically from the 1800’s to now. Many factors have changed such as the admission process, and the curriculum.

HISTORY
During the 1800’s in India, medicine wasn’t really a popular aspect in life. There were not many medical schools in existence, but still somehow people were still getting cured and treated for their diseases and infections. A lot of the studying for medicine was done by trial and error. The older people in India were usually the more experienced ones and usually done studying with experience and learning from their mistakes.India’s medical school in the 1800’s was within themselves. The Indian people taught themselves and learned easy ways of handling situations.

images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQc3dtAIjiLc9FjjbBav-A9-Tk218NTDCq0alOe7Am7iGWSjenNKg

During the 1800’s in the United States, there were only seven medical schools. Over time many more medical schools were being developed and became great medical facilities. Since there were medical schools for students to attend, there was a curriculum that students learned from.In the 1800’s, medical school was two years. Students first year in medical school were solely instructions from textbooks, and lectures, and students second year was the year that students were able to receive their M.D.’s. Because there were no labs or any research conducted, students had to write a thesis their second year in order to graduate with degrees.

Medical school in India compared to the United States were different in the 1800’s. Indians really had to teach and learn from experience because of the lack of medical schools during this time period. Whereas in the United States, medical schools were being built because people supported them. The United States was the more advanced country and was leading in many different aspects of economics, and education . For these reason students had more opportunities and more informal experiences attending medical school in the United Sates, than in India.

TODAY
Today, the study of medicine has not only advanced in India but also around the world as well. Today India’s medical schools are all private institutions owned by either the Medical Counsel of India, Dental Council of India, Pharmacy Council of India, or the National Board of Examination. Students can go to medical school right after high school, but the pattern of medical school is specific. It goes from undergrad courses, to post-grad courses, and then super-specialty courses. The whole process takes about 3-5 1/2 years to complete, which includes one year of housemanship, but in order for this process to even begin, students have to take an entrance exam. The admissions for getting into medical school is based solely on their entrance exams scores. After exams,some students are called in for an interview or a personality test. After this whole process, students are into medical school, the ones who are chosen, and can begin their undergrad courses.

In the United States, students who want to go to medical school have to attend a four year college/university, and have to meet the pre-med prerequisites. Some courses include organic chemistry, biology, and physics with lab courses, and English and Calculus. These are general courses which of course vary from medical school to medical school. The MCAT is also apart of the medical admission process. The MCAT has changed the sections of the test as of 2015 which consist of biological and biochemical foundations of living systems, chemical and physical foundations of biological systems, psychological, social and biological foundations of behavior and critical analysis and reasoning skills. A resume is also sometimes included which should include certificates, and research.

Medical school in the United States is four years, and includes residency. The first year of medical school consists of students sitting in lectures, and taking notes being tested on their memorization. The second year is clinical based where students learn about diseases and infections that are seen frequently. The third year is when students begin their clinical rotations, which is when they are put into teams and graded based on performance. The fourth year of medical school is when students specialize to further pursue their career.

11ea64f.jpg

Medical school is an intense period of time where students are putting in hard work and tears to receive their M.D.s to become doctors and make a difference in the world. Medical school is a time of hard work and dedication where people with the same mindsets and competing against one another to become a certified doctor.

On Fri, Oct 3, 2014 at 10:11 PM, Joey Adams <adamsjf0> wrote:

INTRODUCTION
Medical schools have changed dramatically from the 1800’s to now. Many factors have changed such as the admission process, and the curriculum.

HISTORY
During the 1800’s in India, medicine wasn’t really a popular aspect in life. There were not many medical schools in existence, but still somehow people were still getting cured and treated for their diseases and infections. A lot of the studying for medicine was done by trial and error. The older persons in India were usually the more experienced ones and usually done studying with experience and learning from their mistakes.India’s medical school in the 1800’s was within themselves. The Indian people taught themselves and learned easy ways of handling situations.

images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQc3dtAIjiLc9FjjbBav-A9-Tk218NTDCq0alOe7Am7iGWSjenNKg

During the 1800’s in the United States, there were only seven medical schools, but as time progressed, many more medical schools were being built and became a great education. Because there were medical schools for students to attend, there was a curriculum.In the 1800’s, medical school was two years. Students first year in medical school were solely instructions from textbooks, and lectures, and students second year was the year that students were able to receive their M.D.’s. Because their were not any labs or any research, students had to write a thesis their second year, and then graduate with their degrees.

Medical school in India and medical school in the United States were different in the 1800’s. Indians really had to teach and lean themselves. Everything was hands – on, and done by experience because there were not many medical schools during this time. Whereas in the United States, medical schools were being built because people supported them. The United States was more the most advanced country and were in the lead in many different aspects. Students had more opportunities and experiences attending medical school in the United Sates, than in India.

TODAY
Today, the study of medicine hasn’t only advanced in India but also around the world as well. Today India’s medical schools are all private institutions owned by either the Medical Counsel of India, Dental Council of India, Pharmacy Council of India, or the National Board of Examination. Students can go to medical school right after high school, but the pattern of medical school is specific. It goes from undergrad courses, to post-grad courses, and then super-specialty courses. The whole process takes about 3-5 1/2 years to complete, which includes one year of housemanship, but in order for this process to even begin, students have to take an entrance exam, and the admissions for getting into medical school is based solely on their entrance exams scores.After exams,some students are called in for an interview or a personality test. After this whole process, students are into medical school, the ones who are chosen, and can begin their undergrad courses.

In the United States, students who want to go to medical school have to attend a four year college/university, and have to meet the pre-med prerequisites. Some courses include organic chemistry w/lab courses, biology w/lab courses, physics w/lab courses, and english and calculus. These are general courses which of course vary from medical school to medical school. The MCAT is also apart of the medical admission process. The MCAT has changed the sections of the test as of 2015 which consist of biological and biochemical foundations of living systems, chemical and physical foundations of biological systems, psychological, social and biological foundations of behavior and lastly critical analysis and reasoning skills. A resume is also sometimes included which should include certificates, and research.

Medical school in the United States is four years,plus residency. The first year of medical school is where students are sitting in lectures, and taking notes being tested on their memorization. The second year is clinical based where students learn about diseases and infections that is seen a lot. The third year s where students begin their clinical rotations, in which they are put into teams ad graded. The fourth year of medical school is where students go deeper in research and experience of their choice of specialty.

11ea64f.jpg

Undergraduate Research: How to get involved at Sewanee and advice from Peers

These days, it takes more than a solid GPA and high-test scores to get into any health profession graduate program. Medical schools are looking for applicants with unique experiences. Undergraduate research is something that is very unique to Sewanee. Most institutions can only provide assistant research positions to graduate students, but at Sewanee, one can work side by side with their professors in a lab starting the summer before ones freshman year. It is false belief that undergraduate research is only for a selective few. If you’re interested in research or enjoy spending time in the lab, Sewanee is extremely accommodating. Here are some examples of peers that are involved in research and want to share with you how to get involved!

David Dan ‘15

Hometown: Bowie, Maryland

Major: Chemistry

Interest in Research: Always thoroughly enjoyed science courses and the labs that were included in them. “ My experience my freshman year of lab really motivated me to find a research opportunity.”

How they got involved: At Sewanee, it is not uncommon for you to see your teachers out and about on a regular basis, in between office house, passing periods, and even the dining hall. I am very comfortable with my professors and I have been able to participate in research with 3 different teachers since my sophomore year.

Future Goals: I will either work for a major chemical company or apply for medical school.

Words of Advice: Always try your best, so you never have regrets. The pre med track can sometimes be a bumpy road, but stay strong and don’t give up.

labPIC

The lab after a long days work.

Bradford Lepik ‘16

Hometown: Jasper, Alabama

Major: Chemistry

Interest in Research: I really enjoyed my organic chemistry class and had always appreciated the labs the I had taken along with my science courses. Since I was interested in applying for med school, I wanted something to go on my resume. Also, my interest in chemistry drew me to the lab because that was were all the fun happened.

How they got involved: I had had pretty strong relationships with my science professors due to the small class sizes. I just approached each of my professors and asked them about their research, decided which research interested me the most, and ask that professor if I could help out. He said yes!

Future Goals: I plan on applying for Med- School in the spring and look forward to continuing my research.

Words of Advice: Don’t be afraid to approach your professors. Here at Sewanee, our teachers adore their students. Participating in a lab helps you get to know your professor really REALLY well. This is always a major perk when you need a recommendation for med school or internships.

Bradford’s sketching as he described his research.

 Antinea Jones ‘17

Hometown: Chattanooga, TN

Major: Biology

Interest in Research: Bridge Program of Math and Science (a program designed to encourage students whose backgrounds and experiences would contribute to and enrich the diversity of our academic community and who are interested in math and science) “ It gave me a leg up when going to college… I was able to meet a lot of new people and speak to math and science professors, while getting involved in research as an incoming freshman.”

How they got involved: Continued the Research she began in the Bridge Program

Future Goals: Aspires to become a nurse practitioner or go to grad school to study epidemiology.

Why they love RESEARCH: I was able to meet a lot of upperclassmen, who would encourage me, assist me, and even influence me on my journey throughout college. They were a great resource. It was also a good experience seeing what life in the lab was like.

Words of Advice: GET INVOLVED NOW! It’s never too early to start looking for internships or research opportunities. Your professors are your greatest resource; don’t hesitate to ask them for help.

History of the Sewanee Medicine

The temporal, intrinsic Sewanee Medical College was founded in December of 1891. As an extension of the University, it was built upon the ideals of the founding fathers, Polk and Otey. They spoke of pursuing an institution that would embrace the traditional form of education—a comprehensive and intellectual feat. The school had its first graduating class in 1892, which was noted to be “a great success’ in the their Cap and Gown yearbook. By success, many of the deans and students were referencing the financial stability and academic reputation. With regards to the academic integrity, the Sewanee Medical school shall be noted for its impressive faculty with members like John S. Cain and William B. Hall (Picture 1). These professors, (picture 2), truly emanated the ideals which the legendary Hodgson hoped of achieving. In light of this teaching aspect, the students at the medical school were subject to a variety of intense courses ranging from botany to obstetrics (picture 3). J.P. Corley, from the class of 1900, noted that his classes were difficult yet somewhat familiar. This close teacher student relationship was one of the preeminent factors in keeping the school thriving. Other members who attended the school such as Nurse Bessie described the school in a frantic way. Miss Bessie stated how in one moment she was having dinner with one of her professors and the next she began doing surgery with him on the bottom floor of the Hodgson hospital (picture 4). Incidentally, the nature of this program was only efficient to a certain extent. Over the years, there were an increasing amount of regulations that ultimately led to the closing of the school.

Throughout the short life of the medical school, finances were constantly a struggle, and as changes were being made in medical education, Sewanee could not keep up. Many of the advancements being implemented either proved impossible to adequately and successfully adopt, or were too expensive. Student tuition could not cover everything, and over time, the department built up a large deficit from it all. The reputation of the entire University was at stake, so Benjamin Wiggins made the statement “If we are going to have a medical school at all, it should be a good one.” Therefore, to save the reputation of the University of the South, the Medical College closed in 1909. However, medical learning at Sewanee did not end there. Sewanee has both Pre-Med and Pre-Health tracks for students who are considering attending medical school (or nursing, dentistry, veterinary schools) beyond graduation.

Photo 1: Dr. Cain is in the center, the other faculty are surrounding him

Photo 2 : A List of the faculty from the years 1893, 1894, 1895

Photo 3: A list of the classes from the year 1984

Photo 4,5,6: Hodgson Hospital exterior, microscopic, and chemical lab

Works Cited

Corley, J. P. "Reminiscence of a Medical Alumnus." Greensboro, Alabama: n.p., n.d. 1-36. Print.

"Corley Writes Reminiscences of Old Medical School." Sewanee Alumni News Aug. 01946, 12th ed.: 9. Print.

"Medical Department." Cap and Gown [Sewanee] 1907: 32-33. Print.

Medical Department: Cap and Gown. Sewanee, TN: U of the Souh, 1909. Print.

Medical Department: Cap and Gown. Sewanee, TN: U of the South, 1910. Print.

Medical Department: Cap and Gown. Sewanee: U of the South, 1892. Print.

Williamson, Samuel R., Gerald L. Smith, Bertram Wyatt-Brown, Jon Meacham, Bran Potter, Gerald L. Smith, Sean T. Suarez, W. B. Patterson, George Core, James Waring. McCrady, Charles A. Israel, Woody Register, Donald S. Armentrout, R. Celeste. Ray, Houston Bryan. Roberson, Bertram Wyatt-Brown, James Waring. McCrady, James Waring. McCrady, and Gerald L. Smith. "College or University: Professional Education at the University of the South, 1875-1915." Sewanee Perspectives: On the History of the University of the South. Sewanee, TN: U of the South, 2008. 307-32. Print.

Also, Pictures and Historical Documents Courtesy of University Archives and Special Collections: The University of the South

Preparation for receiving a Doctorate in Pharmaceutical Studies (PharmD)

General Prerequisites:

Calculus I (Recommended that you take Calculus II as well)

Statistics

General Chemistry w/ lab

Organic Chemistry w/lab

Physics w/ lab

Biology w/lab

Psychology or Sociology

Biochemistry

Economics

  • Sewanee offers all of the courses listed above to its students. These classes can be achieved by majoring in subjects such as Chemistry, Biology, or Biochemistry.

  • Sewanee offers students the chance to become a part of the American Associations of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP). This organization offers the chance for a student to research, receive scholarships, and to improve the health of society as a whole.

Advantages of Attending Sewanee

  • Sewanee’s Career and Leadership Development office not only offers many great internship opportunities to students, but it will also endow internship funds to those who find an opportunity outside of what is typically offered.

  • Learning Conditions

  • Small class sizes

  • Close relationships with professors

  • Helps give students a more broad and extensive understanding of the field they have studied.

Medicine and Dentistry in US and France

category[Doctors in the US vs. France]

The long journey of the medical profession begins with a BS or BA degree with a dedicated focus on science although any major is allowed for medical school although the requirements must be met. Fluctuating from medical school to medical school, the requirements generally are 16 credit hours for chemistry, 8 credit hours for physics, 8 credit hour for biology, and 6 credit hours for English/Literature. In addition to the following courses, generally third year students in undergraduate take the MCAT. The MCAT contains five sections being physical science, biological science, verbal reasoning, cognitive skills in biological and physical sciences, and cognitive skills in verbal reasoning.

After undergraduate school and the MCAT, begins four years of preclinical and clinical parts. The foundations of health and diseases are taught in numerous courses during the first and second year which include complex medical judgments that will prepare them later on in their career. In the third and fourth year, students will deal with the clinical portion incorporating the actual observation and treatment of the disease. Students will undergo experiences pertaining to a particular area of study. At the end of graduate school is when students will receive their Medical Degree (MD) though they must complete extra training before practicing on their own. In instances like that, some become doctors of osteopathic medicines.

Continuing more professional training under the supervision of a senior physician educator, residency last between three to seven years varying by specialty. One must apply on National Resident Matching Program in order to be matched with residency programs. Beyond that is a Fellowship meaning that the person is highly trained in a subspecialty and lasts one to three years.

Dentistry in the United States is a very reputable occupation. The prevention of diseases and disorders of the mouth has always been important, and studied. To become a professional practicing dentist, however, one must go through schooling to learn the trade. The road to dentistry starts with your choice of major in college. Most dental schools would recommend biology, chemistry, or biochemistry. Good grades are generally more acceptable. Then comes the DAT test, or the Dental Admissions Test. This test mainly decides acceptance to dental school. There are many parts to the test, including basic science, perceptual ability, reading comprehension, and reasoning. Scores range from 1 to 30, and the average is about 17 to 19. Once the DAT is finished, the application process can start for dental school.

There are many choices in dental schools, but acceptance is reliant on grades, DAT scores, interviews, and experience. A good candidate has all of these, accumulated from internships and a strong academic background. If accepted to the school, there are 4 years to get through. The first two are mostly lecture classes and simulations. The last two years are more hands on, with patient care. During this time, however, the National Board Dental Examinations must be completed and passed. There are two parts to this exam, one after the first two years of school, and the other sometime in the later parts of the 2nd two years. The Boards, as it is known, include written sections and clinical sections. The written section includes 400 multiple choice questions about the sciences learnt. The 2nd, clinical part includes two days in clinical topics, covering advanced sciences, with more focus on the hands on portion. There are no scores on the Boards, it is a pass/fail. After the Boards Examinations, the student is licensed to practice dentistry, weather in a hospital, under another dentist, or in their own clinic. Dental coverage for individuals and families varies between health plans that cover dental, or separate dental plans. The individual dental plan covers more on a personal level, but is more exclusive.

Becoming a doctor or dentist in France is different than the United States because of the differences in healthcare. After finishing high school, anyone is allowed to enroll into medical school. All students a competitive exam at the end of the first year in which only the top will continue to year two of medical school. This would be considered the preclinical years which comprises of mainly lectures. France has four clinical years where each year is divided into intervals of three months of hospital assignments. During that time, students will work in a department containing students from all years. Residencies in France juxtaposes the way the United States execute their residencies in the way that French medical graduates must take a national examination while US medical students apply for it. At the same time after their exams, they get to choose their specializations. Dentistry is very different in France as well. The cycle system is in place for dental schools, as well as medical schools. Health care in France is also very encompassing. Most of the procedures are reimbursed up to 70% of the price back to the patient. More advanced procedures than simple checkups will cost the patient more. Becoming a dentist in France takes many years of studies. There are three cycles of studies, beginning with a two year schooling period. The first cycle is divided into four semesters. The first year includes bio medical research and lecture classes. The second year includes a four week "clerkship," core subject learning, active learning tutorials, and includes English. The second cycle lasts four years and includes clinical training, the study of human life, and many more lecture classes. Year one includes hospital internships and clinical training. Years 2-4 have the students take many lecture classes, covering many different subjects. These contain the studies of aging, disability, health and pathology. The third cycle is vocational training and specialization. The students have to write a medical thesis, to be submitted to a jury. If it goes through, then they have gained their doctor title.

Sources:

"Dental Coverage In the Health Insurance Marketplace." HealthCare.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.

"Dental Treatment in France." , French Dental Care. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.

Martinho, Andreia M. "Becoming a Doctor in Europe: Objective Selection System." VM. American Medical Association, Dec. 2012. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.

"Medical School in France." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Aug. 2014. Web.

"Preparing for the Test Sections – Preparing for the MCAT Exam – Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) – Applicants – Students." Preparing for the Test Sections – Preparing for the MCAT Exam – Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) – Applicants – Students. Association of American Colleges, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2014.

"Residency Program Requirements." Residency Program Requirements. American Medical Association, n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.

"The Differences between the French and British Medical Education System." Galenicals. University of Bristol, n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.

"What Is Osteopathic Medicine? ." What Is Osteopathic Medicine? American Association Of College Of Osteopathic Medicine, n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2014.

Contributions:

Kevin Nguyen 1st 2nd 3rd 6th

Henry Earp 4th 5th 6th

medical-symbol.jpg

What Makes a Good Doctor?

[PROJECT]

Abstract

It is not farfetched to say that everyone in America has seen a doctor at some point in his or her life, probably even multiple times. Often, one will say, “I have a great doctor” or, “the physical that doctor gave me was horrible!” How do we decide what characteristics make a good doctor? This study explored that question through a survey that was completed by 100 random participants. The most frequently recorded characteristics of a good doctor were knowledgeable (recorded by 73 participants), kind (recorded by 67 participants), dedicated (recorded by 30 participants), a good communicator (recorded by 17 participants), and a good listener (recorded by 13 participants). Many of the survey’s participants recorded that a good doctor exhibits more naturally acquired characteristics (recorded 143 times) than learned characteristics (recorded 83 times).

Here are the graphs and tables that outline the results from the survey:

Question 6: Characteristics
Characteristic: Frequency:
ability to make hard choices/quick thinker 9
accuracy 1
adaptable/flexible 5
balanced 1
charisma 4
clean 1
confident 7
cooperative 1
Creativity 5
credible 2
curiosity 5
passionate/dedicated 30
diligent 8
experienced 4
Empathy 10
Energy 2
friendly/kind/caring/compassionate 67
gentle 7
good communicator 17
good listener 13
grit 1
helpful 1
honest 10
intelligent/medical knowledge 73
Intuitive 4
objective 2
observant 1
optimistic 1
Organized 3
patient 16
precise 4
relatable 4
reliable 1
respectful 4
responsible 6
selfless 3
sense of humor 4
sympathy 9
temperate 2
trustworthy 7
Understanding 7
well-mannered/professional 3
Total: 365
Question 7: Learned Characteristics
Characteristic: Frequency:
ability to make hard choices/fast thinker 4
Adaptable 1
balanced 1
Charisma 1
Compassion/Kind 1
confident 2
Creativity 1
credible 1
desire to help 1
Dedication/passion 5
Good communicator 3
good listener 1
honesty 2
intelligence/medical knowledge 42
intuition 1
objective 1
organization 1
patience 5
precise 2
selflessness 2
skill/experience 2
Understanding 1
Well-Mannered 2
Total: 83
Naturally Acquired Characteristics
Characteristic: Frequency:
ability to make hard choices/quick thinker 9
charisma 3
Confident 2
Creativity 1
cooperative 1
Dedication/passion 8
diligence 4
empathetic 10
Energy 1
Experience 1
Friendly/Kind 43
gentle 3
good communicator 8
Good listener 3
Helpful 1
honesty 4
intelligence 8
Intuitive 2
observant 2
Organization 1
patience 7
responsible 2
selflessness 1
sense of humor 1
sympathy 6
trustworthy 5
Understanding 3
well-mannered 3
Total: 143
Question 8: Undergraduate Education?
Answer: Frequency:
Yes 95
No 4
Total: 99
Question 9: Government Funding
Answer: Frequency:
Yes 82
No 17
Total: 99

Dental Admissions and Internships

[ category The
Road to Dentistry]

Required Courses for Dental School:

Ø Biology with lab – 8 semester hours

Ø General Chemistry with lab – 8 semester hours

Ø Organic Chemistry with lab – 8 semester hours

Ø Physics – 8 semester hours

Ø Mathematics (Calculus) – 6 semester hours

Ø English – 6 semester hours

Ø Highly Recommended Courses: Statistics, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Genetics, Anatomy

Admission into Dental School requires:

Ø Dental Admission Test (DAT)

· Scoring scale: 1-30

· Average score: 19

Ø Letter of Recommendations

Ø Interview

Ø Deposit depending on the school you are applying to

Cost of Dental School:

Ø Price ranges from $50,000 – $100,000 a year, no less.

To Become a Successful dentist, you need:

Ø 4 years of undergraduate school – Bachelor’s Degree

Ø 3-4 years of dental school – D.D.S (Doctor of Dental Surgery degree)

Ø 2-4 years of postdoctoral training

Dentists get paid a yearly salary ranging from $75,000 – $240, 000

Dental schools want more than someone who can pay their way into their school and someone who passes the DAT. You have a better chance in being accepted into a dental school if you have some sort of background experience in the field you are trying to pursue a career in. Preferably, one should take great interest in participating in internships.

Where you can find an internship:

Ø Career Services at Sewanee

Ø http://careers.sewanee.edu/

Ø Or you can do your own personal research

Ø The key to getting an internship is not always just what you know, but who you know!

What you need for an internship:

Ø Resume (Career services can help you in developing one if you don’t know how)

Ø A Cover Letter

Ø References

Benefits from having an internship:

Ø Building more into your resume

Ø Gaining very valuable experience and information

Ø Developing skills

Ø It is easier to get a job in the future because of your experience

Ø Network with many people that could potentially be colleagues

Pre Nursing Admissions

In order to decide if one even has the desire to become a nurse, it is important that they understand some of the general responsibilities and types of nurses. The five main types of nurses are Licensed Practical Nurses, Registered Nurses, Hospital Nurses, Community Nurses, and Advanced Practice Nurses. However, there are specific types of jobs that a nurse can do once she obtains her degree, which range from a nurse who is focused primarily on paperwork to one that is involved in high intensity emergency situations. Below are the different types of nurses.

Agency Nurses: nurses who work with a particular group or agency. These nurses work on a day-to-day basis and are called only for specific shifts rather than set dates.

Ambulatory Care Nurses: Work with patients who only stay in a hospital for a short period of time (less than a day). Work in an out-patient setting.

Anesthesia Nurses: Work in ERS with surgeons and anesthesiologists. Also work with dentists and podiatrists to provide anesthesia to patients.

Cardiac Care Nurses: Work primarily with cardiac patient.

Case Management: Primarily a documentation process that focuses on planning and assessment.

Critical Care: Care for patients who have life-threatening illnesses.

Emergency: Work in high intensity situations and evaluate care in hectic environments. They also provide support to patients and their families during the situation

Forensics: Nurses that work with patients involved in crimes by collective evidence and providing medical attention. Forensic nurses also work with patients who are incarcerated.

Gastroenterology: Work with GIs to provide medical care for patients with gastrointestinal problems

Geriatrics: Work with elderly patients in hospitals, nursing homes, and their own homes.

Holistic: Holistic nurses work with patients through natural medicine practices while respecting the patients own religious and health beliefs.

Legal Nursing: These nurses work with both medicine and the legal system, often to work on cases involving suspected medical negligence.

Midwifery: Nurses who work with childbirth. A nurse midwife deals with childbirth on their own unless situations require physician contact.

Military Nurses: Work varies from private practice on a military base to critical care in a war zone.

Neonatal: Provide newborn care.

Nurse Practitioner: Can prescribe medicine and diagnose patients.

Oncology: Provide care for patients with cancer and those in remission.

Pediatric: Provides care for children in hospitals, schools, clinics, and occasionally at their homes.

Psychiatric: Provides care for patients with mental illnesses in hospitals, institutions, or other locations.

Transplant: Works with surgical transplant teams to assist in the transplant of different body parts.

Trauma: Work with patients in emergency situations who have experienced extreme trauma.

Travel: Travel Nurses are similar to agency nurses as they are part of an agency, but are given the ability to travel to different locations to work for periods of time that are typically 13 weeks or longer.

While all nursing schools offer the ability to graduate with the same degree, attending high ranked nursing schools offers a graduate a greater chance of acceptance into high paying nursing jobs. The top ten Nursing schools in the United States are:

Johns Hopkins University

University of Pennsylvania

University of Washington

University of California – San Francisco

University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill

University of Michigan – Ann Arbor

Duke University

Oregon Health and Science University

Yale University

University of Illinois – Chicago

Some Nursing schools offer what is called a MEPN program, or a Masters entry Program in Nursing, which allows students from liberal arts colleges to apply to their programs without going to an undergraduate nursing program. Four Universities that offer the MEPN program are UCSF (the University of California – San Francisco), The University of Hawaii, Johns Hopkins, and Emory. While two of these schools were on the top ten list, it is also important for applicants to broaden the schools that they apply to. For each of the programs, there are sets of requirements, which tend to be similar. The main prerequisites that are necessary for application are Statistics, Human Growth and Development (Psychology), Microbiology, Nutrition, Anatomy, and Physiology. Both UCSF and Hopkins only require these courses, while the University of Hawaii requires a Research Course, and Emory requires a beginner and intermediate level Chemistry. On top of these prerequisite courses, all students must include three or four letters of recommendation, a statement of purpose, a resume, transcripts, and GRE scores. While some schools may vary slightly, over all, most MEPN programs tend to expect the same relative classes.

Vanderbilt Nursing offers Sewanee students a unique experience called the 4-2 program. This program allows students to study at Sewanee for 4 years then transition directly in to Vanderbilt for 2 years and finish with a MSN (Masters of Science in Nursing. Vanderbilt also offers a variety of specialties for students to choose from:

Adult-Gerontology Acute Care Nurse Practitioner

Adult-Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner

Emergency Nurse Practitioner

Family Nurse Practitioner

Healthcare Leadership

Neonatal Nurse Practitioner

Nurse-Midwifery

Nurse-Midwifery and Family Nurse Practitioner

Nursing Informatics

Palliative Care

Pediatric Nurse Practitioner – Acute Care

Pediatric Nurse Practitioner – Primary care

Psychiatric – Mental Health Nurse Practitioner

Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner

Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner/Adult Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner.

Admissions into the Vanderbilt program are similar to the other programs, requiring the same main 6 prerequisites. Vanderbilt also focuses heavily on involvement in activates beyond academics and nursing experience, which displays an ability to balance different aspects of life. Overall, admissions into a nursing program at any University are highly up to the individual applicant. Similar to college applications, Nursing programs want individuals who are focused on balance of school as well as extracurricular activities and leadership roles.

[FYP: Then vs. Now]

[[FYP: Then vs. Now]]

Wow, it’s been several weeks now since I first stepped foot into Sewanee! And I must say it has been wonderful, with little baby bumps in the road, but who doesn’t come across obstacles.

The whole summer before I was to leave for Sewanee, my reply to everything and everyone was, "I’m leaving in a few for college, so I can do what I please. I’m a college girl now!" I was super excited to leave for school, to start FYP. I just knew things were going to be in my favor and everything was going to be smooth sailing. I was excited to start this new journey in my life, on my own. I was ready to face whatever was thrown my way.

On August 13th, that morning, I was packed and ready to go and bored my flight, but as I got closer and closer I got more and more excited but then again at the same time, I got more and more sad and anxious. My sisters helped me unpacked my luggage out the car and we said our "See you laters". My sisters shed tears, but hey that’s what alot of families do when they see their loved ones leaving off to school. As soon as the 2012 Altima Nissan pulled off, it hit me. I’m on my way to school. I was pumped but I was sad that I had to depart from my home, Washington D.C.

The difference between the other students and myself, is that I already had a group of friends here that I knew, my POSSE and my boyfriend of course! I had nine other students who I had grew a tight bond with for the past year and I knew that we all we ready to kick butt at Sewanee. But soon as I realize that I wasn’t in the same FYP class as none of them, I was doomed. In my mind, all I could think about was "Aww man, I’m alone. It’s time to start all over again, introducing myself, meeting new people, making new friends, and so on!" I was kind of scare to meet my FYP group, thinking that I wasn’t going to fit in and things along those lines. But after the first meeting with these lovable people were amazing! I came to realize that all these students were getting use to Sewanee and all of share that one common thing. Finding our place in Sewanee!

After making new friends, inside and outside of my FYP group, school actually started where ALL the students were on campus now. I was super excited to meet even more people and see the rest of my POSSE. FYP made me feel at home, and I wanted to make the other freshmen feel at home just like how Sewanee, and my FYP group did when I came here! Now, I’ve become accumulated with Sewanee, and the things it has to offer. I’ve joined many extracurricular activities such as Tiger Girls, Cheer leading, AAA, and many more. Becoming involved in campus and joining these activities makes me feel good inside and outside. I feel even more good because I’m maintaining good grades in my classes, and I’m happy to say that I passed my first college exam! *pats self on the back*

I did indeed run into an obstacle. I ran into a problem with my FYP class. After receiving my paper back and receiving a grade that I wasn’t satisfied with, I did want to give up at first. But I sat and looked at that paper, and I gave myself a talk. Who am I to give uo just because of one assignment. Everyone receives a bad grade here and there, its just up to that person to do better the next time, and that’s exactly what I’m going to do. Although FYP is almost over, I do have a chance to redeem myself with our project. I’m putting in hard work and I know that at the end, I’m going to be proud of myself because I bounce back from a minor set back. This has taught me that I need to be more aware and be on top of myself if I want my hard work to show. I will run into many more obstacles, and this one is just a learning experience. Other than this setback, things are going swell for me.

Looking back to the first step I took on Sewanee campus, to now, I’m proud of the progress that I made. And I promise to myself that I’m going to keep up the great work, and continue to improve as each day passes. I’m going to do great my freshman year as well as my peers of FYP. I know that we all are going to kick butt. FYP has set a stage for me here at Sewanee, and although I’m still looking for my place here at Sewanee, I know that I will definitwly find it over my next 4 years here. FYP was a great was to start my year here at Sewanee!